Which country is northwest of India

Travel regions in India

India is roughly made up of three regions: the northern mountain region, northern India, and southern India. In each case, visitors will find a different landscape and a different travel climate. India's most interesting travel destination areas are located in these regions:

  • Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh: Located in India's northernmost federal state Jammu and Kashmir, each with very distinct cultures, northeast of Jammu the landscape is criss-crossed with mountain ranges, valleys and rivers, around Ladakh the landscape is barren and alpine, the weather is cold and dry, Kashmir is used for agriculture and you can find cedar forests, pine forests, rhododendrons and walnut trees
  • Punjab & Haryana & Uttarakhand: Punjab is a culinary, cultural and historical travel region, located in northeastern India, spiritual atmosphere through Hinduism and Sikhism with many temples, Uttarakhand has active sports facilities, Hindu sanctuaries and nature parks
  • Delhi: Located in northern India, in a thousand years of city history, many historical and cultural sights have come together
  • Rajasthan & Gujarat: Rajasthan's capital is Jaipur, located in northwestern India, to the west in Rajasthan you will find the Thar desert with shifting dunes and semi-nomadic inhabitants, to the east is the Aravalli Mountains, Rajasthan has a traditional cultural landscape, palaces and some important religious Hindu festivals

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  • Uttar Pradesh: Located in northwest India and borders the Himalayas, cradle of Hinduism with many pilgrimage sites (Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri), interesting, holy cities: Varanasi, Ayodhya, Mathura, Allahabad
  • Madhya Pradesh: Central India with the temple town of Bophal and three UNESCO World Heritage Sites (monuments Khajuraho, the Buddhist Sanchi and the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka)
  • Bihar & West Bengal & Sikkim: northwestern India, klo-Austrian travel region of all major Indian religions (Hindus, Buddhists, Jains, Sikhs and Muslims), flat landscape
  • India's east: Assam is the most important region in the easternmost tip of India with green tea plantations and terraces and river valleys in the eastern Himalayas, here is the Kaziranga National Park
  • Jharkhand & Chhattisgarh: Central Eastern inland with the Dassam Falls (waterfalls) in Jharkhand as well as the Betla National Park and the Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Orissa: Located on the north east coast, excursion destinations are the sun temple of Konark, the city of Bhubaneswar with 500 temples and clay villages in the rural area surrounded by palm trees, rice terraces and cashew nut trees
  • Andhra Pradesh: Located on the central east coast, many Hindu temples as well as Buddhist centers, gopurams and mosques, minarets and Buddhist stupas
  • Maharashtra: Located on the central west coast, many wildlife and nature reserves such as the Pench National Park, the Chandoli National Park and the Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project, Muslim, Christian and Buddhist belief cultures
  • Goa: shaped by Portuguese colonial power, capital Panaji, international bathing tourism in winter on the 100 km long sandy beach, local tourism in summer (monsoon season), evergreen rainforest and steppe-like areas
  • Karnataka: Located between Goa and Kerala on the west coast, cave and sea temple region between Badami, Pattadakal and Aihole
  • Kerala: Southwestern tip of India with white beaches, tropical palm vegetation, water-rich river landscape with the famous backwaters, home of the Periyar National Park
  • Tamil Nadu: India's southern tip, has the most temple festivals in all of India, places worth seeing are Pondicherry, Mamallapuram and Tiruvannamalai

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Leopard, tiger and sloth bear on a photo safari in Pench and Tadoba National Park:

States in India

The most populous states of India are Kerala, Bihar and West Bengal, closely followed by Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Punjab. In contrast, the states in the far north or in central India are sparsely populated. The most sparsely populated state is the state of Arunachal Pradesh in the northeast of the country, ahead of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh. or Sikkim.

India is a federal state and is therefore divided into 28 federal states and seven union territories, including the capital Delhi. The states and union territories are also divided into more than 600 districts, some of which are grouped under divisions. The seven union territories are governed by the federal government from Delhi. In contrast, there are separate parliaments and governments in each of the 28 federal states.

In the course of India's independence, the Indian state was structured on a federal basis until 1956. The respective mother tongues of the people in the regions were used as the basis for drawing the boundaries between the individual administrative units. In 1960 the state of Bombay on India's west coast was divided into the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. It was not until 2000 that three new states emerged: Uttarakhand (still Uttaranchal until 2006) from the north-western part of Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand from the southern part of Bihar. The eastern areas in Madhya Pradesh became the new state of Chhattisgarh.