Is Bangladesh hated among other countries

Buddhists: The hatred of the Rohingyas

The Rohingyas have lived in Myanmar for centuries, especially in the region bordering Bangladesh. As Muslims, you are an ethnic group of over 100 others in the country, but a people that has never been properly integrated. From 2012, the Buddhists' skepticism towards the Muslim minority turned into open hatred: they became pariah in their own country, despised, expelled, persecuted and murdered. Even the moderate Buddhists disparage them as "blacks" and would like to chase them all out of the country.

How is it possible that Buddhists in Myanmar of all people resort to violence against those of different faiths and of all countries in which they have helped the military government to open up towards democracy after years of dictatorship? Where does this hatred come from? A few months before the elections, the Rohingya issue has become a political issue, with the government openly supporting the so-called 969 movement of nationalist and xenophobic monks. It supports the radical forces of a people who are still looking for a political identity after the Saffron Revolution.


By Gwenlaouen Le Gouil, Brice Lambert and Jean-Laurent Bodinier - ARTE GEIE / Cargo Culte - France 2015



The reporter Gwenlaouen Le Gouil on the spread of radical Buddhism in Myanmar:



Who are the Rohingyas?


Myanmar officially has 135 ethnic groups. The Rohingyas are not one of them. This Muslim minority lost the citizenship of Myanmar, then still Burma, with the Citizenship Act of 1982. They have since been considered Bengali immigrants, although most of them do not speak a word of Bengali. Because of this law, the Rohingyas hardly have any rights: They do not receive any ID from the government, the authorities can arbitrarily confiscate their land, they need a permit to marry and they are not allowed to have more than two children. According to the "Society for Threatened Peoples", the Rohingyas are the most persecuted minority in the world, with 1.3 million most Rohingyas living in Myanmar:


Ethnic cleansing

Since June 2012, sectarian violence against the Rohingyas has increased. Villages were burned down by the incited population, mostly Buddhists, and many of their residents were beaten to death. Often these attacks begin with smear campaigns by the nationalist movement 969 of the Buddhist monk Wirathu. The police almost never intervene in these cases, and sometimes they even take part in the attacks. On October 23, 2012, an angry mob attacked Yan Tai Village.

The angry people beat us and killed many of us without difficulty. The security forces did nothing to protect us.

A surviving Rohingya

A 25-year-old survivor told Human Rights Watch that the security forces took sticks and other weapons from the Rohingyas in advance to defend themselves: "The soldiers told us, 'Keep calm, we will protect you, we will save you '. We trusted them. But then they broke their promise. People beat us and killed many of us with no difficulty. The security forces did nothing to protect us. " Find HRW's full report on the 2012 attacks here.


The humanitarian situation

The survivors of such attacks flee to refugee camps. The conditions there are worrying: there is a lack of fresh drinking water, food, blankets, tents and sanitary facilities. International aid organizations have limited access to these camps.


Escape abroad

Many Rohingyas therefore hope for a better future in one of the neighboring countries. But to get there, they first have to bribe the police waiting for them on the coast before they end up in the hands of smugglers for $ 1,000. Often they do not arrive in neighboring states as free women and men, but are sold as slaves by human traffickers. Those who survive the crossing will not receive any support upon arrival: the neighboring states do not recognize them as refugees, push them back to Myanmar or send them to internment camps, where conditions are similar to those in the domestic refugee camps.


Between March 20 and March 22, 2013, radical Buddhists attacked the Muslim minority in Meiktila. Human Rights Watch used satellite images to analyze the extent of the destruction: