Which is the top programming language
Top programming languages for 2020
According to Wikipedia, there are nearly 700 programming languages worldwide and it is highly likely that you have never heard of some of them. In this article we would like to highlight the most important programming languages for 2020.
The most widely learned programming languages
To see the popularity of programming languages among beginners and professionals looking to build their personal technology stack further, let's show you the PYPL Index (http://pypl.github.io/PYPL.html). PYPL (PopularitY of Programming Languages) shows how often people search for hands-on introductions and learning courses on Google.
22 other programming languages have a significantly lower proportion of the languages sought. However, there are two languages that show significant growth in popularity: Kotlin (+4 positions) and Dart (+7 positions). We believe that they will continue to attract more attention and should be considered for learning.
The most commonly used languages
Now let's look at the languages that are actively used for software development. To do this, let's look at this statistic from GitHub (https://madnight.github.io/githut/#/pull_requests/2020/2), which provides relevant information on the popularity of languages over the past 5 years by repository contributors .
We would also like to mention the use of the languages that are not as popular as those mentioned above but show significant growth in popularity compared to last year. Here are the 5 languages we'd like to highlight: Dart, Rust, Kotlin, TypeScript, Go.
Another source to look out for - the TIOBE index (https://www.tiobe.com/tiobe-index/). It is updated every month and shows the popularity of programming languages based on the number of learning courses, experienced developers and other related data provided by top search engines (Google, Yahoo, Bing, Amazon, Youtube, etc.).
Top 10 programming languages for 2020
Taking into account all of the information mentioned and in combination with our 20+ years of experience in software development (https://scand.de/), we would like to highlight the ten most important programming languages.
# 2 python
Python is now the most learned and will soon increase its popularity in use. Considered the easiest language to learn because of its elegant and simple syntax, it is used in programming teaching and is widely used for machine learning (ML), deep learning (DL), data science, and math, statistics, and computer science. Python is both simple and powerful, and enables the optimization of the development process of robust applications: web or mobile.
# 3 Java
# 4 PHP
With a huge open source community and widespread use from such industry giants as Facebook or WordPress, PHP remains in demand, although its popularity is slowly falling. This is a general-purpose dynamic scripting language that was created for building dynamic web applications.
# 5 C ++
C ++ appeared as an improved version of the C language that introduced object-oriented functions. It offers many compilers and libraries to create powerful and reliable solutions that can handle high performance and extensive functionality. C ++ adapts easily to ecosystem or hardware changes and is a perfect option for cloud computing as well as game development. It is one of the most difficult languages to learn.
# 6 C #
C # is a multi-paradigm programming language created by Microsoft to run on the .NET framework. It combines the code compilation as in C ++ with a Java-like syntax. C # enables fast and feature-rich applications of any complexity to be developed across multiple domains: native apps for iOS and Android (using Xamarin), desktop apps for Windows or Linux, complex web systems, etc.
# 7 darts
Dart was published by Google in 2011 and is currently a champion with growing popularity (+ 532% per year). This language can be said to be user-centric because it focuses on developing top notch user interfaces while providing great performance for all types of platforms and devices. Dart is widely used with Flutter, which is Google's widely used UI toolkit, and allows you to create beautiful and easy-to-use web and mobile applications.
# 8 Rust
Rust is another programming language that is rapidly growing in popularity (+ 235% per year). It is used to build VR applications, game engines, operating systems, etc. Because Rust is fast and memory efficient, it's the perfect choice for powering performance-critical solutions and running them on embedded devices.
# 9 Kotlin
Kotlin is another modern, general-purpose programming language (it was released in 2015) that is becoming increasingly popular. It runs on JVM (Java Virtual Machine) and enables the use of a large number of Java libraries. Kotlin has much simpler and cleaner code than Java and offers developers productivity similar to Python. Because of all of these significant advantages, it is now the primary language for Android app development.
# 10 TypeScript
The core idea of the variety of programming languages is that each task can be solved based on different options and approaches. Each software solution can focus on its specific goals and achieve them in different ways. Therefore, it is important to understand the capabilities of each tool and analyze its potential to meet specific business needs.
Fabritsiusa 8b / 1
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