Christianity allows circumcision
In the Bible, circumcision means removing the male foreskin. In Old Testament times, humility for young men was a widespread custom. Not only the Israelites knew about circumcision, but also, for example, the Egyptians, Edomites, Ammonites and Moabites. The Philistines, on the other hand, were considered to be the uncircumcised people - and this term actually served as a curse word (e.g. Judges 14.3; 1 Samuel 17.26).
In the people of Israel it was customary to circumcise a boy on the 8th day after his birth (Genesis 17:12). Girls were not circumcised.
Originally, humility was probably a custom used to ward off disaster. In Israel it got a new meaning: It became a symbol for the covenant made with Abraham between God and his people (Genesis 17: 9-14). Only those who wore the mark of circumcision on their bodies belonged to this people of God. Only those who were circumcised were allowed to take part in the Passover (Exodus / Exodus 12:48).
In the Babylonian captivity, circumcision became even more important. For the remaining Israelites it was now particularly important to be able to continue to understand themselves as the people of God even when they were far away from home and without the temple. Circumcision made them different from the Babylonians and assured themselves of their own identity. Later, under the hegemony of the Greeks, humility even became an essential hallmark of Judaism.
The call to "circumcision of the heart" (Jeremiah 4: 4) teaches that God expects more than just external circumcision.
In the early Christian communities the question arose whether non-Jews who wanted to become Christians would have to be circumcised and thus first be accepted into Judaism (Acts 15: 1-33). Paul made it clear that only faith in Jesus Christ and the grace of God can save a person, but not compliance with the law, including circumcision (Galatians 5: 1-12). So non-Jews did not have to be circumcised in order to become Christians. For Christians, a sign of belonging to the people of God is no longer circumcision, but baptism (Colossians 2: 11-12).
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