Was Gandhiji a real Mahatma

Hanisauland: Lexicon @todo: from Preprocess

"Big soul"

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in India on October 2, 1869. He worked as a lawyer and politician. But he became known above all because he campaigned for the rights and liberation of the Indian people for more than 50 years of his life. For this he was revered by many people in his country and received an honorary title. People called him "Mahatma" Gandhi. "Mahatma" means "great soul" in Sanskrit, the Indian language. Gandhi himself found his new name exaggerated and never really got used to it.

Oppression by the English

After studying in London, Gandhi returned to India as a lawyer at the age of 22. At that time India was ruled by the English because India was an English colony. Many Indians fared very badly. The English had introduced many laws and rules by which they exploited and oppressed the Indians. Gandhi wanted to get the Indians to stop accepting the injustices of the English. He fought for the independence of India, so that the Indians could decide for themselves how things went with their country.

Peaceful disobedience

The special thing about Gandhi's fight was that he fought without violence. Instead, Gandhi called on the people of his country to simply no longer obey the English and no longer obey the unjust laws.

The salt marsh

The "salt march" is particularly famous. 91 years ago today, on March 12, 1930, Gandhi started the march to defend himself against the "salt tax" imposed by the English. The English had decided that the Indians should pay extra taxes, i.e. money, for every pinch of salt they used. So Gandhi marched to the sea with hundreds of Indians. It was a long and arduous journey. But it was worth it. At the seaside, the Indians learned to make their own salt from the salt water and have not been dependent on the English since then. Gandhi was supported in this and other protest actions mainly by his wife Kasturba Nakanji. Kasturba and Gandhi were married for 62 years and had four sons.

Tireless dedication

Kasturba Gandhi continued her husband's fight when he was arrested by the English. This happened several times: In total, Gandhi was imprisoned for eight years. But no matter what happened: Gandhi continued to fight tirelessly for India's independence. He never became violent and won in the end: India gained independence in August 1947. Six months later, on January 30, 1948, Mohandas Karamchand (Mahatma) Gandhi was murdered at the age of 79.