How old is the Scottish language


What language is spoken in Scotland?

Not one language is spoken in Scotland, but three. English speak almost all Scots. About 30% of the population also speaks fluently Lowland Scots, a Scottish-English dialect that also Lallans is called. Only a little more than 1% of Scots have their mother tongue Scottish Gaelic.

Official language

The Scottish Parliament recognizes both English and Lowland Scots as official languages, although English has a higher priority. Scots is also classified as a "regional or minority language" in the European Charter. Scottish Gaelic was officially recognized by the Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act in 2005.

Individual regions have retained their dialects rooted in Gaelic. Various projects for the preservation of the Scottish dialect and culture are supported by the state in order to preserve and maintain the minority language, e.g. the project "Scottish Dictionary".

Spread of Gaelic

The original language of Scotland is Gaelic, which was superseded by Anglo-Saxon from the 11th century. This Celtic dialect, related to Irish, is still spoken today in the Scottish Highlands, Wales, Ireland and the Isle of Man. In the Outer Hebrides off the west coast of Scotland, the majority of the population speaks the Gaelic language.

Learn Gaelic

Anyone interested in the ancient Gaelic language will find numerous good sources on the Internet. The BBC broadcasts a radio program in Gaelic in Scotland. There are also numerous Gaelic language courses for beginners and advanced learners. There is a Gaelic-speaking college on the Isle of Skye. Some Scottish universities offer special summer seminars for linguists and linguists. There is also a study center for Celtic languages ​​and cultures in Königswinter near Bonn.