Are languages ​​just tools

Ernst Cassirer, Language: Only a tool for understanding or part of a larger context of meaning?

Student thesis from 2005 in the Department of Sociology - Culture, Technology and Peoples, grade: 1.7, Technische Universität Dresden (Institute for Sociology), event: Ernst Cassirer, on a phenomenology and sociology of symbolic forms, 7 sources in the bibliography, language: German, Abstract: One of the most influential and important literary epochs in Germany is undoubtedly the Weimar Classic. It produced personalities such as Friedrich Schiller, Johann Gottfried Herder, Christof Martin Wieland and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. The first thought of this great poet and thinker is immediately associated with that of his "Faust", not only among literature lovers. A work with which he undoubtedly created a human drama of world literary rank and timeless validity. But Goethe was not only a poet and critic; as a universal scholar he was also a natural scientist. Numerous discoveries in the field of medicine and natural sciences originate from his thoughts. His scientific work contained, as it were, a natural philosophy, which is most clearly evident in the metamorphosis of plants. By assuming an original identity of all parts of the plant (perhaps comparable to Durkheim's origin of all religions and forms of society, totemism), he establishes the existence of an original plant from which all other plants would have developed without being completely different from their ancestors ( see Biedrzynsky 1994: 124). Goethe was looking for a model in nature for the universal connection of all phenomena. This approach essentially corresponded to his fundamental conviction of the diversity of creation linked in congruences and oppositions. In this way, the idea of ​​an epoch of intellectual history can possibly be reproduced well, because in the Weimar Classic it was a matter of grasping the world in symbols after harmoniously balancing the opposites
to strive and to search for perfection and conformity of content and form. One might think that, two generations later, the philosopher and educator Ernst Cassirer was in Goethe's tradition. Because he sees in the course of things an all-connecting unity, which boils down to a teleological goal, whereby language only takes one position. A good friend and neighbor of Goethe, Johann Gottfried Herder, is of a different opinion. Timelessness is a central element of the Weimar Classic. She chose objects for contemplation that are "above all the influence of time". So also Herder's conception of language. Bühler also rejects a dynamic process model of the language phenomenon. Language is subject to laws and these apply universally. This work is about the different positions of the language theory of Cassirer and Bühler. Two points of view that are quite different, but can still be discussed and compared together. Two opposing positions collide here: Is language just a tool with the help of which we communicate and describe things in the world or reality that surrounds us, or is it possibly more than that? Is language (moreover) part of a larger context of meaning, a more comprehensive development with a teleological goal, i.e. with a course that we cannot influence? Furthermore: does it reflect reality or is language culture, i.e. an appearance that sees the world with a kind of distorting glasses? This should be the subject of my work.

Product details

  • Academic series of publications, Vol. V85700
  • Published by GRIN Verlag
  • 2nd ed.
  • Number of pages: 32
  • Release Date: August 26, 2012
  • German
  • Dimensions: 210mm x 148mm x 2mm
  • Weight: 62g
  • ISBN-13: 9783656263777
  • ISBN-10: 3656263779
  • Item no .: 36327267