Was Thomas Jefferson a Republican or a Democrat?

Democratic Republican Party

The Democratic Republican Party (until 1798 only Republican Party) emerged in the early years of the United States of America as a republican party and counterpart to the federalists, who had clearly prevailed with their ideas of a strong federal government when drawing up the American constitution. At the time, almost only the term Republican Party was in use, while historians use the then occasional term Democratic Republican Party to distinguish it from the indistinguishable modern Republicans.[1] Since Thomas Jefferson founded the party next to the former federalist James Madison around 1791 and had great influence on its program, it is also called Jeffersonian Republicans.[2]

Thomas Jefferson, party leader (Rembrandt Peale, 1800)

The party had its origins in the groupings of the anti-federalists and the anti-administration party, who spoke out against too strong a central government for the still young USA and against Alexander Hamilton's financial policy, since it was about the rights of individual states and individual citizens feared. In addition, their supporters had sympathy for the ideas of the French Revolution and strictly opposed rapprochement with the former colonial power Great Britain. Thomas Jefferson was the first Democratic-Republican President after the independent General of Independence George Washington and the Federal President John Adams.[3] After the fall of the Federalist Party as a result of the war of 1812, the Democratic Republican Party was at times the only significant party. James Monroe had practically no opponent as incumbent president in 1820, after he had beaten the historically last federalist candidate in 1816 by a huge margin.[4]

In the presidential election in 1824, however, four Democratic-Republicans ran against each other for Monroe's successor. Andrew Jackson received the most votes, but not an absolute majority. The House of Representatives, which in such cases elects the president from the three candidates with the most votes, appointed John Quincy Adams as president, through its spokesman and fellow candidate Henry Clay. Clay was then appointed to Adam’s cabinet. This process, overshadowed by allegations of corruption, led to a permanent rift within the party between Jacksons and Adams’s supporters. A little later, the party split into the still existing Democratic Party, the supporters of Jackson, who was finally elected president in 1828, and the short-lived National Republican Party, the supporters of Adams and Clay.[1]

Democratic Republican Presidents

See also

Individual evidence

  1. abRepublican in A New Nation Votes, American Antiquarian Society and Tufts University, accessed April 13, 2021
  2. ^ U.S. Senate: Party Division, accessed April 13, 2021
  3. ↑ Ronald D. Barley: Duel for the White House: American presidential elections from George Washington until 2008 NZZ Libro, ISBN 978-3-03823-416-6.
  4. ↑ 1820 Presidential Election on 270towin, accessed April 13, 2021